AskDefine | Define yarn

The Collaborative Dictionary

Yarn \Yarn\, n. [OE. yarn, [yogh]arn, AS. gearn; akin to D. garen, G., OHG., Icel., Sw., & Dan. garn; of uncertain origin. Cf. Cord.] [1913 Webster]
Spun wool; woolen thread; also, thread of other material, as of cotton, flax, hemp, or silk; material spun and prepared for use in weaving, knitting, manufacturing sewing thread, or the like. [1913 Webster]
(Rope Making) One of the threads of which the strands of a rope are composed. [1913 Webster]
A story told by a sailor for the amusement of his companions; a story or tale; as, to spin a yarn. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

Word Net

yarn

Noun

1 the act of giving an account describing incidents or a course of events; "his narration was hesitant" [syn: narration, recital]
2 a fine cord of twisted fibers (of cotton or silk or wool or nylon etc.) used in sewing and weaving [syn: thread] v : tell or spin a yarn

Moby Thesaurus

account, anecdotage, anecdote, belly laugh, blague, blue story, braid, brail, cable, causerie, chat, chin, chronicle, cock-and-bull story, colloque, cord, dirty joke, dirty story, double entendre, epic, epos, ethnic joke, exaggeration, fable, fabrication, fairy tale, falsehood, falsity, farfetched story, farrago, fib, fiction, fish story, flam, flimflam, fun, funny story, gag, ghost story, good one, good story, half-truth, howler, jape, jest, jestbook, joke, laugh, legal fiction, lie, ligament, ligation, ligature, line, little white lie, mendacity, narration, narrative, panic, pious fiction, play, point, prevarication, prose, rap, rib tickler, riot, rope, saga, scream, sick joke, sidesplitter, sight gag, slight stretching, sport, spun yarn, story, strand, string, tale, talk, tall story, tall tale, taradiddle, tendon, thong, thread, trumped-up story, twine, twist, untruth, visit, visual joke, wheeze, white lie, whopper, wire, wow

English

Etymology

From , from the gearn; which is akin to the garn, Garn, and Greek sc=Grek; Latin hernia, and the Sanskrit |hira.

Pronunciation

  • a RP , /jɑːn/, /jA:n/
  • a US , /jɑːrn/, /jA:rn/
  • Rhymes with: -ɑː(r)n

Homophones

Noun

  1. A twisted strand of fiber used for knitting or weaving.
  2. Bundles of fibers twisted together, and which in turn are twisted in bundles to form strands, which in their turn are twisted or plaited to form rope.
  3. A story, a tale, especially one that is incredible.

Synonyms

Related terms

Translations

fiber strand for knitting or weaving
  • Czech: příze
  • Dutch: garen
  • Esperanto: fadeno
  • Finnish: lanka, rihma
  • German: Garn
  • Polish: przędza
  • Spanish: hilo
  • Swedish: garn
nautical
story

See also

Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. Thread is a type of yarn intended for sewing by hand or machine. Modern manufactured sewing threads may be finished with wax or other lubricants to withstand the stresses involved in sewing. Embroidery threads are yarns specifically designed for hand or machine embroidery.

Structure

See main article Spinning (textiles)
Spun yarn is made by twisting or otherwise bonding staple fibers together to make a cohesive thread. Twisting fibers into yarn in the process called spinning can be dated back to the Upper Paleolithic, and yarn spinning was one of the very first processes to be industrialized. Spun yarns may contain a single type of fiber, or be a blend of various types. Combining synthetic fibers (which have high strength, artificial lustre, and fire retardant qualities) with natural fibers (which have good water absorbance and skin comforting qualities) is very common. The most widely used blends are cotton-polyester and wool-acrylic fiber blends. Blends of different natural fibers are common too, especially with more expensive fibers such as angora and cashmere.
Yarns are made up of a number of plies, each ply being a single spun yarn. These single plies of yarn are twisted in the opposite direction (plied) together to make a thicker yarn. Depending on the direction of this final twist, the yarn will be known as s-twist or z-twist. For a single ply, the direction of the final twist is the same as its original twist.
Filament yarn consists of filament fibers twisted together. Thicker monofilaments are typically used for industrial purposes rather than fabric production or decoration. Silk is a natural filament, and synthetic filament yarns are used to produce silk-like effects.
Texturized yarns are made by a process of air texturizing (sometimes referred to as taslanizing), which combines multiple filament yarns into a yarn with some of the characteristics of spun yarns.

Measurement

Craft yarns

Yarn quantities are usually measured by weight in ounces or grams. In the United States, Canada and Europe, balls of yarn for handcrafts are sold by weight. Common sizes include 25g, 50g, and 100g skeins. Some companies also primarily measure in ounces with common sizes being three-ounce, four-ounce, six-ounce, and eight-ounce skeins. These measurements are taken at a standard temperature and humidity, because yarn can absorb moisture from the air. The actual length of the yarn contained in a ball or skein can vary due to the inherent heaviness of the fiber and the thickness of the strand; for instance, a 50 g skein of lace weight mohair may contain several hundred meters, while a 50 g skein of bulky wool may contain only 60 meters.
There are several thicknesses of yarn, also referred to as weight. This is not to be confused with the measurement of weight listed above. The Craft Yarn Council of America is making an effort to promote a standardized industry system for measuring this, numbering the weights from 1 (finest) to 6 (heaviest). Some of the names for the various weights of yarn from finest to thickest are called lace, fingering, sock, sport, double-knit (or DK), worsted, aran, bulky, and super-bulky. This naming convention is more descriptive than precise; fiber artists disagree about where on the continuum each lies, and the precise relationships between the sizes.
A more precise measurement of yarn weight, often used by weavers, is wraps per inch (wpi). The yarn is wrapped snugly around a ruler and the number of wraps that fit in an inch are counted.
Labels on yarn for handcrafts often include information on gauge, known in the UK as tension, which is a measurement of how many stitches and rows are produced per inch or per centimeter on a specified size of knitting needle or crochet hook. The proposed standardization uses a four-by-four inch/ten-by-ten centimeter knitted or crocheted square, with the resultant number of stitches across and rows high made by the suggested tools on the label to determine the gauge.
In Europe textile engineers often use the unit tex, which is the weight in grams of a kilometer of yarn, or decitex, which is a finer measurement corresponding to the weight in grams of 10 kilometers of yarn. Many other units have been used over time by different industries.

Thread

Most types of embroidery thread come in a single size or weight; an exception is pearl or perle cotton, which comes in three weights, No. 3 (heaviest), No. 5, and No. 8 (finest).

Color

Yarn may be used undyed, or may be colored with natural or artificial dyes. Most yarns have a single uniform hue, but there is also a wide selection of variegated yarns:
  • heathered or tweed: yarn with flecks of different colored fiber
  • ombre: variegated yarn with light and dark shades of a single hue
  • multi-colored: variegated yarn with two or more distinct hues (a "parrot colorway" might have green, yellow and red)
  • self-striping: yarn dyed with lengths of color that will automatically create stripes in a knitted or crocheted object
  • marled: yarn made from strands of different-colored yarn twisted together, sometimes in closely-related hues

Notes

External links

yarn in Guarani: Inimbo
yarn in Czech: Příze
yarn in German: Garn
yarn in Spanish: Hilo
yarn in Esperanto: Fadeno
yarn in French: Fil textile
yarn in Korean: 실
yarn in Indonesian: Benang
yarn in Italian: Filato
yarn in Kurdish: Ta
yarn in Dutch: Garen (draad)
yarn in Japanese: 糸
yarn in Polish: Przędza
yarn in Quechua: Q'aytu
yarn in Russian: Пряжа
yarn in Simple English: Yarn
yarn in Swedish: Tråd
yarn in Chinese: 纱线
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